The greatest progress towards improving food security (IPS)

Read at :

http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/09/worlds-most-unequal-region-sets-example-in-fight-against-hunger/

World’s Most Unequal Region Sets Example in Fight Against Hunger

By Marianela Jarroud

Latin America and the Caribbean, the world’s most unequal region, has made the greatest progress towards improving food security and has become the region with the largest number of countries to have reached the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving the proportion of undernourished people.

However, social and geographic inequalities persist in the region, and rural women and indigenous people continue to face high rates of food insecurity and poverty, says the State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI 2014) report, which underscores Brazil and Bolivia’s anti-hunger policies as successful strategies.

“These policies have had a general impact and all groups have benefited, but there are segments that need greater specificity when it comes to policy design,” said Raúl Benítez, regional representative of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), at the regional office based in Santiago.

“There are sectors that need more focalised and tailored policies,” he added in an interview with IPS. “This is like going over it with a fine-tooth comb, but there are things that need an even finer-toothed comb.”

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Posted in food / food security, hunger / famine

Local women supplying produce to the international organic market (IPS)

Read at :

http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/09/organic-farmers-cultivate-rural-success-in-samoa/

Organic Farmers Cultivate Rural Success in Samoa

Rural farming families in Samoa, a small island developing state in the central South Pacific Ocean, are reaping the rewards of supplying produce to the international organic market with the help of a local women’s business organisation.

“In Samoa, we are a very blessed nation, most people have their own piece of land and we have the sea,” Kalais-Jade Stanley, programme manager for Women in Business Development Inc (WIBDI), a Samoan non-government organisation dedicated to developing village economies, told IPS.

With the resources to grow food and the social safety net provided by traditional kinship obligations, people rarely go hungry. According to the World Bank, Samoa has one of the lowest food hardship rates in the region at 1.1 percent, compared to 4.5 percent in Fiji and 26.5 percent in Papua New Guinea.

But Stanley says many rural families experience a lack of economic opportunity, such as “not being able to access markets” and being “unaware of what they could potentially access” to make their livelihoods more resilient.

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Posted in Agriculture, Desertification, sustainable development

DESERTIFICATION IN WEST AFRICA (Google / nhyebooks.org)

Read at : Google Alerts – Desertification

http://ezfebooks.org/adapting-to-drought-farmers-famines-and-desertification-in-west-africa_i3lfy.html

Download ADAPTING TO DROUGHT: FARMERS, FAMINES AND DESERTIFICATION IN WEST AFRICA.pdf free

epub ebook free download

nhyebooks.org

Posted in Uncategorized

Desertification in the Mediterranean Region (Google / eBook)

Read at : Google Alerts – desertification

http://nueebooks.org/water-scarcity-land-degradation-and-desertification-in-the-mediterranean_15rs20.html

Download Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the Mediterranean Region.pdf free

J. L. Rubio – PDF, EPUB, DOC Free Download EBook

Posted in Desertification

Threat­ened by desertification (Google / Global Social Change)

Read at : Google Alerts – Desertification

http://www.globalsocialchange.com/2014/09/13/desertification-watch-it-act-now/

Desertification — watch it, act now!

By 

Contrary to pop­u­lar belief, deser­ti­fi­ca­tion is nei­ther the nat­ural advance of the desert nor the move­ment of sand dunes. It is down to the deple­tion of farm­land as a result of human activ­i­ties and cli­mate change. It is not a nat­ural process, but the out­come of human actions. Currently one-third of the earth’s sur­face is threat­ened by desertification.

Fossil fuels – car­bon, coal and gas – are by no means the only thing that is caus­ing cli­mate change and deser­ti­fi­ca­tion. Desertification occurs only when we cre­ate too much bare ground. When rain falls on a bare ground, some of it keeps on the ground as flood while the remain­der soaks into the soil. But because the ground is bare, water evap­o­rates as fast as pos­si­ble and the soil also releases car­bon into the atmosphere.

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Posted in Desertification

Desertification in Africa (Google / Answers)

Read at : Google Alerts – Desertification

http://www.answers.com/Q/Areas_affected_by_desertification_in_Africa

Areas affected by desertification in Africa?

Most of the countries in Africa have and/or are being affected by desertification.

South Africa
* Namib & Kalahari Desert
* Drakenberg Mountain Ranges

These places are spreading of the desert region.

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Posted in Desertification

Fixing the desertification problem (Google / Answers)

Read at : Google Alerts – desertification

http://www.answers.com/Q/How_are_they_fixing_the_desertification_problem_in_sahel

How are they fixing the desertification problem in Sahel?

The Eden FoundationLocation: Nigeria

NGO/GO: Non Government Agency

- Provide funding for farmers to plant perennials among their crops on their fields. These stabilize the soil, holding it together and so preventing erosion. They also shelter the crops from wind. As a bonus they have fruit so there is extra produce.

- Plant strips of trees, which hold the soil in place and create a wind break so that more soil isn’t eroded.

- Stone walls with small cracks in them allow the water to grow through so that the plants get an even spreading of water. The leaf litter is trapped on the other side for farmers to rake up and spread around crops. This prevents evaporation and when the leaves decompose they return valuable nutrients to the soil, preventing soil degradation.

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Posted in afforestation, Desertification, Financing, Stone walls