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Yield of maize as affected by fertiliser application practices
Authors: K. Msarmo; W. Mhango
Publisher: Bunda College of Agriculture, 2000
Maize is the staple cereal crop to over 80% of the Malawian population and is grown on 75 to 85 % of the arable land. Farmers in Malawi grow hybrid, composite and local maize varieties. The current average yield for subsistence farmers is about 1.3t/ha due to a number of factors such as low soil fertility, pests and diseases, droughts. Yields of up to 8000 kg/ha for hybrid, 5000 kg/ha for composites and 3000 kg/ha for local varieties can be attained with good crop management practices.
A study was conducted at Bunda College of Agriculture, Malawi, during the 2003/04 crop season to assess the effect of fertiliser application practices on performance of maize with emphasis on improving the efficiency of using urea as a top dressing fertilizer. The treatments were laid out as a split-plot in a randomized complete block design with maize varieties as main plots and fertiliser application practices as subplots.