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Mitigating Impacts Of Desertification And Drought
Over the years, desertification and drought are two related disasters largely contributing to the occurrence of famine, especially in the Northern part of Nigeria.
The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) describes desertification as a process involving land degradation in a dry land area resulting to environmental crises, such as loss of biodiversity and global warming. Similarly, drought is a condition of unusually dry weather in a geographic area, where rainfall is normally present; resulting to water shortage that seriously interferes with human activities such as water-supply reservoir emptiness, wells dry up, crop damage and other consequences which trigger desertification.
Desertification and drought have continued to sabotage the nation’s socio-economic, food security and employment opportunities. For instance, about 35 million people in northern part of the country are reportedly suffering from the dangers of desertification while not less than 50,000 farmers in about 100 villages in Yobe state have been affected by sand dunes.