Desertification in Africa

Photo credit: Conserve Africa



Many African countries are experiencing a number of adverse climatic hazards that have adversely affected food and water security, water quality, energy and the sustainable livelihoods of rural communities.

In some parts of the region, the above direct causes of desertification are driven by a complex set of underlying factors including the high levels of poverty in the region, illiteracy, high population growth rates, poor governance, poor natural resources tenure and access regimes, conflicts, and climate change. Combating desertification and assisting the poor to manage the impacts of drought constitute the primary option out of poverty for millions of people in Africa.

The major climatic hazards that threaten the forestry sector lead to droughts, which cause land degradation and loss of soil fertility, as well as increased forest fires which affect subsistence crops and the availability of fresh water. These are basic needs for human living.

Read the full article: Conserve Africa




Author: Willem Van Cotthem

Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Scientific Consultant for Desertification and Sustainable Development.