THE INITIATIVE FOR THE ADAPTATION OF AFRICAN AGRICULTURE TO CLIMATE CHANGE (AAA)
Addressing the Challenges of Climate Change and Food Insecurity
What Is the Initiative for the Adaptation of African Agriculture to Climate Change (AAA)? If COP21 is known in the international community as a historic step for the many decisions it has brought about – notably with regard to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, committing to provide US$100bn a year to vulnerable countries, and ensuring the even-handed allocation of financial resources between mitigation and adaptation – COP22, for its part, will be the most opportune time to show that state parties are standing together to implement the Paris decisions. COP22 will be the COP of action in favour of the adaptation of African agriculture to climate change. It is also the first time nations have expressed their needs to fight climate change through their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Analysis of these NDCs showed that African countries are not only committed to contribute financially, but also to prioritise programmes of adaptation, agriculture, and food security. The initiative for the Adaptation of African Agriculture to Climate Change (AAA) responds to the needs expressed by African countries. It is built around two major pillars: – Advocacy to secure financing for projects of agricultural adaptation in African countries; – Promotion of innovative solutions to respond to Africa’s top priority needs. AAA promotes and encourages the implementation of concrete projects to improve soil management, agricultural-water control, climate-risk management, and financial-capacity building. It highlights technical solutions as well as good practices and accompanying measures, notably technical and managerial capacity building. It is based on tools recommended by the UNFCCC: technology transfer, preparation of adapted agricultural policies and strategies, development of bankable projects that meet the criteria of development partners and donors, and promoting South-South cooperation. AAA champions an integrated, participatory, and responsible approach, with three slogans: unite to succeed, provide a framework for action, rely on existing initiatives. As a key answer to climate change and food insecurity, the initiative for the Adaptation of African Agriculture to Climate Change also contributes to meeting the most globally-spread developmental challenges. In fact, it will contribute to the achievement of many Sustainable Development Goals.