Premiers stades du Bois de l’Amitié (Niou, Burkina Faso) 1988

Choix du terrain latéritique aux environs du village de Niou en présence de Papa Tiga Ouedraogo et quelques membres de notre équipe belge (Juillet 1988).

Beaucoup de jeunes de Niou se portent volontaires pour le création de multiples trous d’implantatioin d’arbres dans le terrain latéritique (Juillet 1988).

L’équipe des volontaires au travail (Juillet 1988).

Préparation d’un mélange de terre locale avec 50 g du conditioneur de sol TerraCottem (Juillet 1988).

Après la première pluie un groupe de petits blocs de gels des polymères hydroabsorbants se trouvent près d’un petit arbre (Juillet 1988).

Un des multiples trous d’implantation d’arbres entouré d’une diguette pour augmenter la captation de l’eau de pluie (Juillet 1988).

Mr. Sjef VINK, Président du Comité Maastricht-Niou, particpe à la plantation d’arbres (Juillet 1988).

Après 3 mois de sécheresse la végétation locale se dégrade visiblement. Par contre, les jeunes arbres plantés avec une dose de TerraCottem sont toujours en bonne condition : les jeunes feuilles continuent à se développer, les arbres continuent leur croissance malgré le manque d’eau de pluie (Décembre 1988).

Les particules de la terre latéritique locale restent collés entre eux par l’intermédiaire des gels du TerraCottem. Dans ce complexe, les racines des arbres continuent à trouver de l’eau (Décembre 1988).

Près de 6 mois de sécheresse en avril 1989 et la végétation locale est totalement désèchée. Les jeunes arbres, traités au TerraCottem, continuent toujours leur croissance. Quel succès pour cette méthode de lutte contre la désetification !

Avril 1989, sécheresse continue depuis octobre 1988, mais les arbres profitent toujours de l’eau stockée dans les gels du Terracottem et sont visiblement en bonne condition.

Ce jeune Cassia siamea se porte bien, malgré 6 mois de sécheresse (Avril 1989).

Parkia biglobosa continuant sa croissance (Avril 1989).

Dieudonné OUEDRAOGO, gardien du Bois de l’Amitié, tout fier devant un arbre planté en décembre 1989 (16 mois) – (Avril 1990).

Sans aucune irrigation supplémentaire cet arbre s’est développé d’une façon remarquable avec seulement une saison de pluies. L’effet du TerraCottem est indéniable. (Avril 1990).

Incroyable mais vrai : Dieudonné OUEDRAOGO devant un arbre de près de 3 mètres de haut en moins de 2 ans (planté en décembre 1988 avec 100 g de TerraCottem dans le trou d’implantation). (Avril 1990).

A notre grand étonnement nous trouvons ce Leucaena leucocephala déjà couvert de fruits (gousses), une situation remarquable pour un jeune arbre de moins de 2 ans ! (Avril 1990).

A la fin de la saison des pluies de 1990 le terrain est totalement couvert d’une couche végétale magnifique et les jeunes arbres, traités au TerraCottem, se développent à toute allure (Juillet 1990) .

Voilà le succès complet de notre projet TerraCottem “Bois de l’Amitié à Niou”. Ces arbres plantés en décembre 1988 forment déjà un très beau “Bois” en Juillet 1994. Et tout cela pour un reboisement sur terrain latéritique.

Qui dit mieux ?

Climate change: Green Sahara partners USOSA, foundation to plant 10,000 trees in schools

This is in a bid to mitigate the impact of climate change such as flooding and desertification across the country.

The President General of USOSA, Mr Mike Magaji, at the inauguration of the tree planting at the Federal Government Girls College, Bwari, on Friday, January 27, 2023, said there was need to inculcate the culture of environmental participation through young children.
Magaji said that doing this would make the children grow up to learn and appreciate the values of keeping the environment safe and clean, thereby protecting the country and environment.

UNCCD joins forces with a top US-based academic partner to advance global drought resilience agenda 

https://www.unccd.int/news-stories/press-releases/unccd-joins-forces-top-us-based-academic-partner-advance-global-drought

Drought is one of nature’s costliest disasters – across the globe, more frequent and prolonged droughts are up nearly by a third since 2000. No country or region is immune to their impacts, which cost the global economy billions of dollars each year and range from the loss of life, livelihoods and biodiversity to water and food insecurity, disruption in the energy, transportation and tourism sectors, as well as forced migration, displacement and conflicts over scarce resources. 

As the drought resilience and preparedness are taking the center stage in the global efforts to bolster the economies and communities against natural disasters, the new collaboration launched today between the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln is particularly timely.  

(Continued)

Saudi’s Ministry of Economy and Planning joins forces with UpLink to address food insecurity in arid climates (Part 2)

Thu, January 19, 2023 at 6:26 PM GMT+1·3 min read

DAVOS, Switzerland, January 19, 2023–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Economy and Planning (MEP) in collaboration with UpLink today launched an innovation challenge designed to crowdsource transformative solutions to enhance food security in countries impacted by low rainfall, drought, and desertification.

This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20230119005599/en/

Saudi’s Ministry of Economy and Planning and UpLink launch innovation challenge to enhance food security. (Photo: AETOSWire)

MEP and UpLink, the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) open innovation platform, made the announcement at the Forums’ 2023 Annual Meeting in Davos as part of Saudi Arabia’s efforts to develop innovative solutions to the world’s most critical challenges, through collaboration and cooperation.

The Food Ecosystems and Arid Climates Challenge is a global call for food entrepreneurs, start-ups, social ventures, and small-medium sized enterprises to submit solutions that incorporate low or high technologies. The winning cohort will be eligible to access CHF100,000 to scale and implement their venture in regions with arid climates, while enhancing their visibility and access to networking opportunities. This is the first of two challenges focused on food systems, with a second to be launched later in 2023 on climate-smart agriculture.

Announcing the challenge at a press conference, His Excellency Faisal F. Alibrahim, Minister of Economy and Planning for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, said: “Our world faces a wide range of major socioeconomic challenges, and food security is at the top of the list.

“The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is fully committed to being a major innovation accelerator, and dedicating resources to empower and support entrepreneurs who are determined to tackle the challenge of food security, in this case in regions with arid climates.”

Around 828 million people today are hungry, while 2.3 billion are food insecure. Furthermore, 3.1 billion people globally cannot afford a healthy diet and it is estimated that 700 million will be displaced by drought by 2030.

Story continues

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How food will be grown all over the world in the future, both in the countryside and in the city: IN WALL GARDENS.

https://www.facebook.com/willem.vancotthem.7/

Wall gardens are containers or buckets that are stacked against a facade. Holes are made in the side walls. In the bottom of each container or bucket, 1-2 holes are drilled through which water can flow to the lower containers or buckets. The bins or buckets are filled with fertile soil. All kinds of food plants can be placed in the holes in the side walls. These plant species all continue to grow vigorously in the soil that is kept moist. After all, on top of the facade garden there is a water reservoir with a small hole in both sides, so that water can slowly drip through to all containers. For example, a wall garden requires almost no maintenance.

Saudi’s Ministry of Economy and Planning joins forces with UpLink to address food insecurity in arid climates (Part 1)

https://www.yahoo.com/now/saudi-ministry-economy-planning-joins-172600564.html

Thu, January 19, 2023 at 6:26 PM GMT+1·3 min read

DAVOS, Switzerland, January 19, 2023–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Economy and Planning (MEP) in collaboration with UpLink today launched an innovation challenge designed to crowdsource transformative solutions to enhance food security in countries impacted by low rainfall, drought, and desertification.

This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20230119005599/en/

Saudi’s Ministry of Economy and Planning and UpLink launch innovation challenge to enhance food security. (Photo: AETOSWire)

MEP and UpLink, the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) open innovation platform, made the announcement at the Forums’ 2023 Annual Meeting in Davos as part of Saudi Arabia’s efforts to develop innovative solutions to the world’s most critical challenges, through collaboration and cooperation.

The Food Ecosystems and Arid Climates Challenge is a global call for food entrepreneurs, start-ups, social ventures, and small-medium sized enterprises to submit solutions that incorporate low or high technologies. The winning cohort will be eligible to access CHF100,000 to scale and implement their venture in regions with arid climates, while enhancing their visibility and access to networking opportunities. This is the first of two challenges focused on food systems, with a second to be launched later in 2023 on climate-smart agriculture.

Announcing the challenge at a press conference, His Excellency Faisal F. Alibrahim, Minister of Economy and Planning for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, said: “Our world faces a wide range of major socioeconomic challenges, and food security is at the top of the list.

“The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is fully committed to being a major innovation accelerator, and dedicating resources to empower and support entrepreneurs who are determined to tackle the challenge of food security, in this case in regions with arid climates.”

Around 828 million people today are hungry, while 2.3 billion are food insecure. Furthermore, 3.1 billion people globally cannot afford a healthy diet and it is estimated that 700 million will be displaced by drought by 2030.

Story continues

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

HOW TO TRANSFORM THE FOOD SYSTEM IN A COUNTRY?

https://www.facebook.com/willem.vancotthem.7/

“We must help with technology, training, funding,” : “YES, WE CAN !”

HELLO DAVOS (see communication below” :

““Countries need a food systems ministry, not just an agriculture ministry. One that relies on people-centric policies, incentivizes the private sector for early adoption of new systems, has multifaceted goals.

Proclaiming PepsiCo to be “mainly an agricultural company”, Ramon Laguarta, Chairman and CEO of PepsiCo, USA, said his company is striving to make agriculture regenerative, sustainable and positive for the planet. As the owner of the largest private fleet of vehicles in the US, PepsiCo is makings its vehicles low-emission. “We have beautiful brands that have the power to educate consumers on sustainability,” he said.

Calling for an international agreement whereby every country would become accountable for transforming its food system, he said it is imperative to put the farmer at the centre, and make sure the farmer makes good money while using fewer resources and producing fewer carbon emissions. Emphasizing the need to “make farming sexy”, Laguarta said there will be no next generation of farmers unless farmers love their profession, earn an living and continue to invest in farming. “We must help with technology, training, funding,” he said. “It’s happening; it is the future of our company.”

Anne Beathe Tvinnereim, Minister of International Development of Norway, said it was absurd that “the very people who go hungry are food producers”, adding that “now, with increasing cost of inputs, it will get worse.”

Agreeing with Indian minister Singh that derisking should be a key element of financial support to farmers in developing countries, Tvinnereim said Norway has been able to use its taxpayers’ money to crowd in private money. “We have the technologies, we know what to do, but we need investment to create a virtuous cycle of investment.”

===

Did they keep CONTAINER GARDENING AND TERRACOTTEM as a “new technology” in mind ? I hope so !

National plan aims to push back desertification

https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202301/20/WS63c9eb15a31057c47ebaacc3.html

By LI HONGYANG | China Daily | Updated: 2023-01-20 09:14

Aerial photo taken on Sept 14, 2020 shows a view of Kubuqi Desert in Dalad Banner of Ordos, North China’s Inner Mongolia autonomous region. [Photo/Xinhua]

With more than a quarter of its surface area covered by desert, desertification is a major issue for China, and the National Desertification Prevention and Control Plan, recently approved by the State Council, aims to do more to address the issue.

According to the plan, 6.7 million hectares of land affected by desertification will have been treated by 2025. By 2030, that figure is projected to reach 12.4 million hectares.

The plan has identified seven key areas where spreading deserts need to be pushed back, including the mountains of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the areas around the Kubuqi Desert in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region and the Mu Us Desert in Shaanxi province.

In order to tackle desertification, the process through which once-fertile land turns into desert, the plan calls for recourse to science and technology to address the issue at its root, and for farmers and herdsmen to get involved in green means of utilizing light, heat, wind and remediating soil to improve their incomes.

This is the third desertification prevention and control plan approved by the State Council, China’s Cabinet, since 2002.

The current plan includes adjustments to ideas and general methods of desertification reversal and control, derived from the experience and results of previous plans, according to the National Forestry and Grassland Administration.

The latest national survey shows that areas suffering from desertification fell by 3.8 million hectares to 257 million hectares between 2014 and 2019. As a result, sand and dust storms have reduced to an average of 8.5 events from an average of 12.5 previously, the administration said.

Sun Guoji, head of the administration’s desertification control department, told a news conference recently that the tasks ahead are more challenging than those that came before.

“Our challenges are regional water shortages, damage from human activity and climate change. In addition, maintaining the achievements we’ve already made while tackling new ones is an arduous and urgent task,” he said.

Reclaiming degraded land key for urban revival

Delhi News

Updated on Jan 09, 2023 01:12 AM IST – https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/delhi-news/reclaiming-degraded-land-key-for-urban-revival-101673199834849.html

Close to 30% of geographical land in India is degraded, with desertification increasing every year. Delhi has the third-highest level of desertification.

The land erosion in Delhi can, for the most part, be attributed to the unmanaged drainage system of three basin regions, Najafgarh, Barapullah and the trans-Yamuna basin. (Sourced)
The land erosion in Delhi can, for the most part, be attributed to the unmanaged drainage system of three basin regions, Najafgarh, Barapullah and the trans-Yamuna basin. (Sourced)

Climate crisis and sustainability loom large in global debate and discussion, with the global south and north divided on the causation and correlation of the challenge. One major cause not discussed enough is land degradation. Land plays a key role in climate systems, but nearly 40% of the world’s land is degraded.

Close to 30% of geographical land in India is degraded, with desertification increasing every year. Delhi has the third-highest level of desertification. Reclaiming land, therefore, is the most critical challenge for India as it works to meet its sustainable development goals (SDG) towards land degradation neutrality (LDN), which Prime Minister Narendra Modi has stressed upon.

The land erosion in Delhi can, for the most part, be attributed to the unmanaged drainage system of three basin regions, Najafgarh, Barapullah and the trans-Yamuna basin. Barapullah drain, once a natural stream fed by monsoon rain, is the Capital’s largest drain and carries almost 80% of wastewater from the Barapullah basin region into the Yamuna, accounting for about 30% of the pollution in the river. Land along the drain is a marshland of sewage and wastewater, a breeding ground for disease and pestilence.

To be sure, the government has made efforts to reclaim this lost land. The central government’s department of biotechnology initiated the Clean Barapullah project in 2017-18 to clean the drain water, and to reclaim and reforest the degraded and polluted marshland along the drain. The project started as an experiment to reclaim 750sqm of sewage-filled land by planting 2,281 plants and trees of 44 indigenous endemic species. The tiny forest flourished and the project was then expanded to reclaim an additional 2 acres.

Several truckloads of sewage and waste were removed using machinery and workers. The land, which was infested by non-native invasive tree species of Prosopis juliflora or vilayati kikar, was cleared. The clean-up exposed a big low-lying area along the Barapullah drain.

This recovered land was used to create a foundation for the forest. Selecting the right species was most crucial, keeping in mind that a riverine ecosystem was to be restored and revived. The reforestation project now has over 10,000 plants of at least 50 indigenous species.

The forest integrates stone sculptures, winding pathways, raw stone benches and a gazebo made with stone blocks and bamboo. Landscape architect Puloma David and her father, renowned stone sculptor Robin David, led the design and art aspects of the project.

Creating carbon sinks by reclaiming land using foresting techniques is an investment that will go further than normal plantation drives(with poor survival rates for the planted trees). The urban forest behind Sun Dial Park, Sarai Kale Khan, Delhi, was created after the visit of Dharmendra Pradhan, then petroleum minister, in August 2020, who said his ministry would support the creation of a carbon sink along the lines of the tiny forest. Indraprastha Gas Limited provided CSR funds and with the support of the central government’s office of the principal scientific adviser and Anil Baijal, then lieutenant governor of Delhi, Maruvan Foundation and Afforestt successfully implemented this project.

MEET THE TREE MAN OF INDIA’S THAR DESERT

https://www.fairplanet.org/story/meet-the-tree-man-of-indias-thar-desert/

A teacher has been leading afforestation efforts in India’s Thar desert for nearly two decades and was recognised by the United Nations. But the process is not without challenges, he says.

In India’s Thar desert region of Rajasthan, changing climate, soil erosion and deforestation make the quality of land the poorest in the country. Degradation of land in the dry and sandy Thar, which spans over 60 percent of the state, poses a threat not only to desert ecology but also has an impact on people’s food security and source of livelihood. 

Since 2003, Shyam Sunder Jyani – a native of the region and an associate professor of Sociology, has been working towards restoring and preserving the ecosystem and biodiversity of the Thar desert through his approach of familial forestry, which aims at integrating the region’s culture and nature. 

Jyani, who belongs to one of India’s marginalised caste groups, hails from a farming family in the 12 TK village in Ganganagar district – about 12 miles away from the India-Pakistan border. Worried about the menace of desertification in the region, the professor interacted with locals and eventually formed a grassroots network of villagers and youths to further the concepts of ‘Familial Forestry’ and ‘Institutional Forest,’ where trees are planted on family land and in public spaces, respectively. 

The former had won him the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Land for Life award – the world’s highest award for land conservation and restoration – in June 2021. 

Established in 1994, the UNCCD is the only legally binding framework that globally addresses problems related to desertification and drought. 

FairPlanet spoke with professor Jyani about the challenges and triumphs of the grassroots network he established as well as his take on the concepts of familial forestry and institutional forest. 

FairPlanet: Where did the idea of developing familial forestry come from? Can you take us back to the origins of this 19-year long journey? 

Shyam Sunder Jyani: When I first came to Dungar college in 2003 as an assistant professor, I observed that the campus only had 10 to 15 trees left. And even those trees were dying. So in the same year, I rescued the trees with my students. And that whole exercise made me realise that this district is more arid than Ganganagar, my native district. The district lacked greenery, which doesn’t occur to our imagination when we think of Rajasthan. However, once my students and I rescued and planted some neem (Azadirachta indica) trees, I got quite keen on making the district green. 

So as my subject is sociology, I first thought of taking a cue from people’s mindset and understanding what people in this area really think of the environment. So, I observed that people in my area, or I think in most parts of this country, worship trees and water. They already have a semblance of connection with nature but certainly lack empathy. So I wanted to touch on that aspect and bridge the gap. 

CLIMATE ACTION AS A WAY OF LIFE

Can you talk about the concept behind Familial Forestry, how it is being implemented and at what magnitude? 

(Continued)

The Horn Of Africa States: Desertification And Water Supplies – OpEd

By Dr. Suleiman Walhad

The region faces multiple challenges, most of them man-made and hence could be handled. Others are natural such as volcanic activities, land formation, geological infrastructures and, in fact, strategic location. Both man-made and natural phenomenon, however, affect peoples’ lives in the region from food security to water availability to economic production in terms of agricultural, marine and pastoral production, that till this date, remain the main stay of livelihoods in the region.

The mounting population pressures and deforestation of the region have not been helpful for the region’s environment, and it is turning into a desert, with the soil erosion that follows every drop of rain when topsoil is washed away by the flash floods and rivers. The accelerated tree loss and the multitude of NGOs that come from many countries to live off the back of those poor citizens of the Horn of Africa States have almost succeeded in converting large parts of the region into inhabitable lands. However, it is not all doom and blue, for the region has also recently embarked on planting trees. Such plant reafforestation is linked to income generation in parts of the region, where communities are provided with the tools necessary for the conservation of the land and the water supplies.

In other parts, storm waters which used to be seen as a problem or which used to run away with much of the topsoil of the lands are being rechanneled into useful water either into dug-out land-water holds lined with plastic sheets to avoid seepage into the ground for later usage or spread to large plains to assist in plant re-invigoration and natural reafforestation.

The old thinking that animals, whether domestic or wild were not good for the lands is being revisited and all animals are being managed with respect to the land in some parts of the region. Instead of animals moving about unnecessarily, they are kept in protected environments and the plants and feedstock they eat are brought to them. This helps farmers to grow income-generating feedstock both for the domestic animals and the wild ones. The carnivorous animals are in danger themselves and need to be conserved for future generations and they should be managed. All of these processes are underway in the region, albeit at low levels, but should be improving in the future.

Managing grazing for both domestic and wildlife has worked in many arid and semi-arid lands and stopped desertification or reduced the pace of desertification. This practice coupled with tree planting by every citizen of the region in his backyard, at least, would change the region’s environment and climate effectively. The more trees there are, the more rain the region would receive, and this would halt the desertification process and hence the water supply.

A reafforestation of the region through managing not only the storm water supplies but also managing the grazing process would revitalize the ecology of the region. In the Horn of Africa States, it is said, that those who do not help themselves should not be helped. It is perhaps time that help to the people should be calibrated by the governments of the region on how much they contribute to the region in terms of each individual paying his/her taxes, each doing his/her job of either farming or animal husbandry or any other job they would be doing.

It is also time that NGOs were stopped to be used for channeling international aid to the region. The governments of the region should be the only channel handling all the funds intended for the region and there should accurate accountability of what they did with the funds, entrusted to them. Those who abuse the funds intended for any specific program (s) should block-listed and recorded in the annals of history.

The Horn Of Africa States: Desertification And Water Supplies – OpEd

By Dr. Suleiman Walhad

The region faces multiple challenges, most of them man-made and hence could be handled. Others are natural such as volcanic activities, land formation, geological infrastructures and, in fact, strategic location. Both man-made and natural phenomenon, however, affect peoples’ lives in the region from food security to water availability to economic production in terms of agricultural, marine and pastoral production, that till this date, remain the main stay of livelihoods in the region.

The region is large and hosts a youthful growing population of some 160 million, which has to be fed, housed, educated, employed, and whose health has to be maintained. However, the natural evolution of the region is being challenged at every front by both man-made and natural disasters. The man-made challenges, themselves comprise of domestic and foreign-inspired factors

The region is drying and receives lesser rains each passing year. Much of the forest lands are cut and hence shrinking, either as fuel for fire and cooking or clear spaces for agriculture, which itself is becoming less productive year after year. This is bad news for the region. Deforestation of the region through the continuing climate change and the warmer weather has affected the terrain and the land extremely negatively to the extent that, the region is becoming desertic and water security is no longer assured.

The economic profile of the region has worsened over the past four decades and this is the period when civil conflicts, inefficient and corrupt governance have remained rampant in the region. The Somali State is worst affected, while Ethiopia the most stable country in the region for over a hundred years, have been destabilized over the past decade, with the new federal regions playing to the tunes of foreign-inspired conspiracies.

The region even hosts foreign forces including those of the United States, China, France, Spain, Germany, and Italy and others such as those of the newly wealthy nations of the Arabian peninsula, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Its transboundary rivers have also strained relations with other neighboring countries such as Egypt and Sudan, who depend on the waters of the Nile sourced from the region and have hence all have negatively affected its food production, its energy requirements, and its general security.

(Continued)

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