Desertification and sand storms in China (Google News Alert / China Daily)

Read at :

Google News Alert for : desertification

China Daily :

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-04/03/content_842162.htm

Operation blitzkrieg against desert storm

By Wang Ying (China Daily)
Updated: 2007-04-03 06:58

“It was huge, 3,100 square km till the late 1920s. A lifeline of the ancient Silk Road, it was first mapped by ancient Chinese geographers. But the salt lake in the southeastern part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has largely dried up today, with marshes and small, shifting lakes receiving the channels of the Tarim River. It’s true, Lop Nur is still there, but at best it can be described as a marshy depression.

Nature’s fury is about to make history repeat itself; this time in Northwest China’s Gansu Province as another tragedy. The Minqin Oasis is still about 1,000 square km, but is shrinking fast. Scarily, its surrounding geographical features are similar to that of Lop Nur. It’s surrounded by the Tengger and Badain Jaran deserts and is vanishing at an alarming the rate of 3 to 4 meters a year, says Gansu Vice-Governor Shi Jun.

Reclaiming of forests and grasslands for agriculture and the unprecedented dry weather of recent years have been blamed for the ecological and economic threat. But the National Conference on Desertification Prevention held in Beijing late last month was determined to not let it disappear. “No stone should be left unturned to stop Minqin from vanishing,” Shi told the conference, the fifth of its kind.

Continue reading Desertification and sand storms in China (Google News Alert / China Daily)

Slowing soil erosion with vegetation restoration (SciDev.Net)

Read at :

SciDev.Net – Mise à jour hebdomadaire de SciDev.Net: 27 mars – 02 avril 2007

http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/restore-vegetation-to-slow-soil-erosion-say-scientists.cfm

Restore vegetation to slow soil erosion, say scientists

Eva Aguilar
3 April 2007
Source: SciDev.Net

“Revegetation programmes can slow the rapid erosion rates occurring in tropical mountain areas to near-natural levels, say researchers. A study published in the April issue of the journal Geology measured soil degradation due to human activity in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. It provides a basis for strategies to restore damaged land.

“The results indicate that erosion and land degradation are not necessarily irreversible processes,” says lead researcher Veerle Vanacker, of the Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium. The team selected Andean Ecuador as their study area because “land use in this area is very dynamic, and its degradation is an important issue that is limiting socio-economic development in the region”.

Continue reading Slowing soil erosion with vegetation restoration (SciDev.Net)

Modernize traditional agriculture in Ghana (African Agriculture)

Read at :

African Agriculture

http://allafrica.com/stories/200703301085.html

http://africanagriculture.blogspot.com/

Modernize Ghanaian traditional agriculture : report

“Agriculture was the most important source of growth in the Ghanaian economy between 2000 and 2005, with an average of about 5.1%, while services and industry averaged 5.0% and 4.5% respectively. Agriculture remained a dominant sector up to 2005, contributing 42% to GDP, while services and industry contributed 31% and 27% respectively. From 1995 to 2005 the contribution of agriculture to the country’s GDP declined marginally from 42.7% to 41.9%, while the services sector’s contribution to GDP increased by 0.6%, and that of industry by 0.2 of a percentage point.

Problems in agriculture include the sector being predominantly rain-fed, with undeveloped irrigation systems. Average fertilizer use of about 34,000 tonnes/annum in the last decade, as well as agriculture being mostly smallholder activity, has prompted the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) to propose agriculture modernization in order to attain national goals. The NDPC noted that the average use of fertilizer in the agriculture sector was one of the lowest in Africa and probably the world.

Continue reading Modernize traditional agriculture in Ghana (African Agriculture)

Pastoralism, traditional knowledge and management in desertification (IUCN / CRIC 5-UNCCD)

22 March 2007

“Indigenous, local people and pastoralists are best positioned to overcome degradation of the world’s drylands. This was one of the key messages that pastoralists, the World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism, the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and UNCCD focal points from several Southern African countries communicated to policy makers at a recent conference of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Buenos Aires.

Land degradation and poverty are common phenomena in the world’s drylands. However, inappropriate development has exacerbated the degradation of drylands and in consequence increased poverty. Pastoralists – nomadic herders of sheep, goats and camels – have for centuries used the drylands sustainably. By moving on to new grazing places when resources got scarce, they prevented overgrazing or soil erosion.

Continue reading Pastoralism, traditional knowledge and management in desertification (IUCN / CRIC 5-UNCCD)

Nature conservation in Algerian Sahara

Having read this contribution on the Africa Environment blog,

http://africaenvironment.blogspot.com/

I could not resist recommending the takers of this new initiative to get in contact with UNICEF ALGERIA, currently carrying out the project “Family gardens in the refugee camps of the Sahraouis people” (Sahara desert, S.W. Algeria). Let us first have a look at the text :

Algerian conservationists block advance of Sahara Desert

“In May, Algeria will inaugurate a reserve around a small oasis in the south-west where plants and animals will be protected in the service of a broader goal. Hopes are that the Taghit National Park will help stop the advance of the Sahara Desert, which already stretches across almost all of this North African country.

The project was initiated by the Friends of the Sahara Association, a founder member of the National Committee of Algerian NGOs against Desertification, and the National Agency for the Conservation of Nature (ANCN).

“The Taghit National Park covers a surface area of 250.000 ha, which could be extended to 500.000 ha with the inclusion of the neighbouring Guir region,” said Amina Fellous, an engineer at ANCN, which is tasked with leading the project. The reserve is to include areas isolated from human activity, as well as perimeter zones where various pursuits, even for light and medium-sized industries, will be permitted on condition that they do not pollute, Fellous explained. “In Taghit, any socio-economic activity having negative effects on water resources will not be allowed,” she said.

The project will seek to protect grasslands and restore palm groves, renew the planting of acacias, and reforest denuded land with indigenous species for the benefit of migratory species. Water points will be established in the park, and efforts made to develop the region’s plant genetic resources.

The list of mammals to be protected makes mention of about 33 species. To date, no less than 107 species of birds have been documented in the area, but an exhaustive list has yet to be compiled during different seasons, in order to include migratory birds. About 20 birds feature on the list of protected species of Algeria.

Furthermore, the Taghit park will aim to protect and promote the archaeological heritage of the area – and to develop tourist facilities that are in harmony with their surroundings. Conservation will also support agricultural activity, says Malik Raheb, an agricultural engineer. “The creation of the Taghit National Park, aside from its role of being a barrier to the desert, will also allow a still greater response to the agricultural needs of people in the region, as is already evidenced by the production of tomatoes and potatoes.”

2007-01 Dahla
2007-01 : Camp of Dahla (Tindouf area) – Mission, with delegation of foresters from the Services de Conservation des Forêts de Tindouf, evaluates successfull vegetable gardens of the UNICEF ALGERIA project.

2007-01 : Camp de Dahla (région de Tindouf) – La missison avec une délégation des forestiers des Services de la Conservation des Forêts de Tindouf évalue les jardins potagers réussis du projet UNICEF ALGERIE.

In particular this last sentence indicates that the Friends of the Sahara Association, a founder member of the National Committee of Algerian NGOs against Desertification, and the National Agency for the Conservation of Nature (ANCN) and UNICEF ALGERIA should better join hands and exchange their knowledge and expertise. Working somewhat in the same domains (conservation, restoration, combat of desertification, sustainable development, agriculture and horticulture), it would inexplicable the organizations working in the same S.W.-region of Algeria would not sit around the table to explore possible cooperation, or at least explore echange of information.

Looking forward,

Willem

Could it all go down the drain? – 2

I have been reading with interest the text below on

http://www.progressiveu.org/

“There are so many environmental concerns in the present. Problems range form erosion and desertification to air pollution, water pollution, solid wastes, hazardous wastes, depletion of the ozone layer, and global warming. All these problems emerged by the way humans lead their life. Maybe we ought to learn how to live like Ishmael once said. This could be done by just observing nature. Nature has been enacting for millions of year, and its method has proven to be flawless. I am not saying to go back to the trees, but to consider solutions and stop thinking about money and civilization, but useful knowledge and technology. In addition, by causing all those problems mentioned above, other questions rise. Close to 50% of the world’s flora and fauna could be on the path to extinction within the next 100 years. All this pollution and wastes are destroying habitats, and along its cataclysm, casualty also takes diversity out of this planet. Consequently, the world is less ready for a catastrophe and change in environment and thus more extinction will occur. Besides, population contributes to resource depletion of energy, raw materials, and manufactured goods though over-consumption and waste while depleting world resources by being forced to cut down forests, clear land, burn scarce wood, and so on. Therefore, homo sapiens sapiens could be saved, but the civilization as we know it today might not. We are manipulating a major ecological regulation, that of carrying capacity. We are increasing its value annually, just to feed populations that will expand their numbers if done so. As the environment is degraded, carrying capacity decreases, leaving the environment no longer able to support even the number of people who could formerly have lived in the area on a sustainable basis. No population can live beyond the environment’s carrying capacity for very long; that’s a law.”

MY COMMENT

I do not believe in a doom scenario for at least hundreds of generations of human beings. In fact, I believe strongly that people will always adapt to new situations, even to catastrophies created by our societies.

We have enough examples of doom scenarios that never came true. On the contrary, there are enough indications that several of these “inevitable” doom scenarios have been developed for personal, national or international interests.

Let us simply stay vigilant and use all “best practices” known today to improve our world, even against all destructive initiatives taken in the name of …

Actually, we have today a number of technologies to combat the worst situations. Let’s join hands to use them at the largest scale and let’s do this together with our children, so that they will be prepared to defend their future.

Together we can make this world better !

Women bear the brunt of desertification in Cameroon (Africa Environment)

Interesting publication on this blog

http://africaenvironment.blogspot.com/2007/03/women-bear-brunt-of-desertification-in.html

The village of Ngouma has a population of 538 people, 406 of whom are women. Most of the men, have left in the face of land degradation and even desertification.

Stock breeders are migrating to grazing new areas and fishermen are going north to Lake Chad, nine kilometres away. Those who do not have fixed employment are going to the cities,” said village chief said Yaya Djouldé.

Since the early 1970s, Ngouma and other villages in the province of Maroua have only received about 200 mm of rain annually, says Martin Ndongmo, an agroforestry engineer who works for the environment ministry. The national rainfall average is 1,500 mm. “This water shortage has led to great degradation of arable land. Deforestation and overgrazing have come to finish off nature’s work,” said Ndongmo, noting that the average temperature in the shade is 45 degrees Celcius.

In the face of long, dry seasons lasting seven to eight months of the year, those who earn a living from agriculture increasingly seek their fortunes elsewhere. “Our husbands and children have left one after the other, leaving us to survive here alone. We walk about eight kilometres every day just in search of water, which is often unclean,” says Chantal Moudeina, a 41-year-old resident of Ngouma.

According to statistics from the ministry of agriculture, 11,421 of Maroua’s 34,263 square kilometres have been affected by desertification. This has resulted in 25,000 people in the region being threatened by famine. “Seasonal migration, problems between cattle breeders and farmers, food insecurity and waterborne diseases in these areas are, for the most part, the consequences of desertification,” says Lucie Aboudi of Save the Earth, an NGO based in Maroua. Continue reading Women bear the brunt of desertification in Cameroon (Africa Environment)