Development project of SOLID OPD (Spanish)

PROYECTO DE DESAROLLO SOLID

Solid OPD es una Organización Privada de Desarrollo que asesora y facilita el desarrollo
sostenible de cadenas productivas y sus actores en la región Ayacucho, Perú.

Modulo-1-produccion-de-plantones-en-vivero1tara

MÓDULO 1 : Manual para productores de tara de la región Ayacucho

Producción de plantones de tara en un vivero familiar

Presentación
La presente cartilla ha sido desarrollada en el marco
del Consejo Regional de la Tara Ayacucho – CORETARA,
por la necesidad de los actores de la cadena productiva
de tara, en especial de los productores, con el objetivo
de fortalecer sus conocimientos y habilidades en
las actividades de manejo agronómico en un vivero,
actividades muy importantes que esperamos se reflejen
en mejores ingresos económicos y mejores condiciones
de vida de las familias productoras.
Esta cartilla contiene conocimientos y experiencias de
profesionales, técnicos y productores de tara en la
región Ayacucho; por eso, practica los procedimientos,
técnicas y recomendaciones en tu chacra para
obtener un producto de calidad.
Las actividades en el vivero permiten al productor realizar
un adecuado manejo agronómico, controlando el
ingreso de luz, agua de riego, reduciendo el ataque de
plagas y enfermedades tanto en el almácigo como en
las camas de crianza, para lograr un mejor crecimiento,
desarrollo y mayores rendimientos de tara.

DOCUMENTS FOR THE DRYLANDS / DOCUMENTS POUR LES REGIONS ARIDES (Willem Van Cotthem)

Here is a series of documents that might be of interest for all people combating desertification, not only in Africa.

Voici une série de documents qui peuvent avoir un certain intérêt pour tous ceux qui combatent la désertification, non seulement en Afrique.

1. TERRACOTTEM (English/Français/Espagnol/Nederlands)

<www.terracottem.com>

Experiment with TerraCottem on a Belgian beach 1995 : treated saline beach dark green - untreated part brownish (Photo WVC)
Experiment with TerraCottem on a Belgian beach 1995 : treated saline beach dark green – untreated part brownish (Photo WVC)


2. CULTIVATING IN CONTAINER / CULTURE EN CONTAINER

A lot of containers (buckets, pots, bottles) can be placed on pallets to get a maximum of food production in a minimal space.  One can determine the best position of the containers on the pallet structures (full sunshine or more shady spots) - Photo WVC -
A lot of containers (buckets, pots, bottles) can be placed on pallets to get a maximum of food production in a minimal space. One can determine the best position of the containers on the pallet structures (full sunshine or more shady spots) – Photo WVC –


  3. EN ALGERIE / IN ALGERIA

   * BOTTLES FOR SAPLINGS IN A DESERT NURSERY  : <http://youtu.be/hMu1sDG-jyg>

Instead of the classical black nursery bags, one can recycle the often discarded plastic bottles to grow saplings in a nursery.  This technique has a lot of advantages : keeping the environment cleaning (recycling plastic), simple and cheap, water saving, enhancing survival rate.

2007-11 : Use of recycled soda bottles in the Tindouf nursery (S.W. Algeria) / Recyclage de bouteilles en plastique dans la pépinièrede Tindouf (S.W. Algérie) - Photo WVC)
2007-11 : Use of recycled soda bottles in the Tindouf nursery (S.W. Algeria) / Recyclage de bouteilles en plastique dans la pépinièrede Tindouf (S.W. Algérie) – Photo WVC)



* JARDINS DE FAMILLE EN ALGERIE – Partie 1  : <http://youtu.be/6Ed3AYiuIY8>

Le projet “Jardins de famille dans les camps des réfugiés Saharawis à Tindouf, S.W. Algérie” a connu un très grand succès (2005-2007).  Les réfugiés continuent la construction de nouveaux jardins avec l’aide d’ONGs et de personnes privées.  Une série de vidéos montrera qu’il est assez facile d’offrir aux familles des quantités de nourriture fraîche.  A suivre !

 * Jardin de famille en Algérie – 2 : <http://youtu.be/DmZ69y3IQAM>

Deuxième partie d’une série de vidéos sur le projet “Jardins de famille dans les camps des réfugiés Saharaouis de Tindouf, S.W. Algérie” (2005-2007).  A ce jour, les réfugiés continuent la construction de nouveaux jardins avec l’aide des ONGs et sponsors privées.

* FAMILY GARDENS IN ALGERIA – Part 1  : <http://youtu.be/ZEuXXTVB9-4>

The project “Family gardens in the Saharawis refugees camps of Tindouf, S.W. Algeria” has been very successful (2005-2007).  Today, the refugees continue the construction of new gardens with the help of NGOs and individual sponsors. A series of videos will show that it is rather easy  to offer to all the families in the camps the possibility to produce fresh food.  (To be continued)

   * Family gardens in Algeria – Part 2  : <http://youtu.be/ELIWmbyM7_8>

Second part of a series of videos on the project “Family gardens in the Saharawis refugees camps of Tindouf, S.W. Algeria”.  Today, the refugees continue the construction of new gardens with the help of NGOs and individual sponsors.

   * Family gardens in Algeria – 2005  : <http://youtu.be/fpaqJx8oxTw>

Review of the installation mission of the UNICEF-project on “Family gardens in the Saharawis refugees camps” and on some training sessions on the use of the soil conditioner TerraCottem.

   * Family gardens in refugees camps 2007-10A  : <http://youtu.be/k-NTLv_t-XI>

UNICEF project in the Sahara desert to combat child malnutrition in the Saharawis refugees camps (S.W. Algeria) by offering a small kitchen garden to every refugee family. Minimal efforts and investment for a maximal and sustainable result.

* Family gardens in refugees camps 2007-10B  : <http://youtu.be/P3zPfm3LwUY>

UNICEF project in the Sahara desert to combat child malnutrition in the Saharawis refugees camps (S.W. Algeria) by offering a small kitchen garden to every refugee family. Minimal efforts and investment for a maximal and sustainable result.

  * Family gardens in refugees camps 2008-2009  : <http://youtu.be/79BwvyTZD5I>

UNICEF project in the Sahara desert to combat child malnutrition in the Saharawis refugees camps (S.W. Algeria) by offering a small kitchen garden to every refugee family. Minimal efforts and investment for a maximal and sustainable result.

* Family gardens in refugees camps 2010-2011  : <http://youtu.be/xOD-fLdGWwQ>

It has been shown very clearly that family gardens contribute significantly to solving problems of hunger and malnutrition in refugees camps.  Local production of fresh food with vitamins and mineral elements is essential for the health of refugees, in particular for their children.  What is possible in the Sahara desert, can be applied in all the refugees camps.

2007-11 Family garden in Dahla refugee camp / Jardin de famille au camp de Dahla (Photo WVC)
2007-11 Family garden in Dahla refugee camp / Jardin de famille au camp de Dahla (Photo WVC)


* Malnutrition and family gardens in the Sahara desert 2007-1  : <http://youtu.be/NUTQOGeDsK4>

UNICEF project in the Sahara desert to combat child malnutrition in the Saharawis refugees camps (S.W. Algeria) by offering a small kitchen garden to every refugee family.  Minimal efforts and investment for a maximal and sustainable result.

* Malnutrition and family gardens in the Sahara desert 2007-2 : <http://youtu.be/pXDAKTM1gZM>

UNICEF project in the Sahara desert to combat child malnutrition in the Saharawis refugees camps (S.W. Algeria) by offering a small kitchen garden to every refugee family.  Minimal efforts and investment for a maximal and sustainable result.

* Malnutrition and family gardens in the Sahara desert 2007-3  : <http://youtu.be/NizSR5Jk3-I>

UNICEF project in the Sahara desert to combat child malnutrition in the Saharawis refugees camps (S.W. Algeria) by offering a small kitchen garden to every refugee family. Minimal efforts and investment for a maximal and sustainable result.

   * Malnutrition et potagers au Sahara 2007-1 : <http://youtu.be/W2VrJJpgIAg>

Projet de l’UNICEF Algérie, en coopération avec SOS Kinderdorf Draria-Alger, pour la réalisation de quelques milliers de jardins de famille en plein désert du Sahara (dans les camps des réfugiés Saharaouis près de Tindouf (S.W. Algérie).  Résultats spectaculaires avec un minimum d’efforts et d’investissement.

* Malnutrition et potagers au Sahara 2007-2 : <http://youtu.be/wmyqUYZsDfs>

Projet de l’UNICEF Algérie, en coopération avec SOS Kinderdorf Draria-Alger, pour la réalisation de quelques milliers de jardins de famille en plein désert du Sahara (dans les camps des réfugiés Saharaouis près de Tindouf (S.W. Algérie). Résultats spectaculaires avec un minimum d’efforts et d’investissement.

* POTAGERS SOS VILLAGE D’ENFANTS DRARIA-ALGER 2006  : <http://youtu.be/l_kaxP0ZXXU>

Construction d’un jardin communautaire et de jardins de famille au Centre de SOS Kinderdorf (SOS Village d’Enfants) à Draria près d’Alger (Algérie).

2006-04  Le jardin des Mères de SOS Villages d'Enfants à Draria (Alger) - The Garden of the mothers of SOS Childrens' Villages at Draria (Algiers) - (Photo WVC)
2006-04 Le jardin des Mères de SOS Villages d’Enfants à Draria (Alger) – The Garden of the mothers of SOS Childrens’ Villages at Draria (Algiers) – (Photo WVC)


* Forêt d’Arganiers – Argan Forest  : <http://youtu.be/XRdu6HUIyJU>

Argan forest in Oued Elmaa (Tindouf area, S.W. Algeria) – Forêt d’Arganiers à l’Oued Elmaa (Région de Tindouf, S.W. Algérie).

Plastic bottles for reforestation (Gamrupa / L. Ormel / W. Van Cotthem)

The use of plastic bottles for reforestation :

http://containergardening.wordpress.com/2012/02/20/plastic-bottles-for-growing-and-planting-saplings-drawings-by-liesbeth-ormel-captions-by-willem-van-cotthem/

Plastic bottles for growing and planting saplings (Drawings by Liesbeth ORMEL / Captions by Willem Van Cotthem)

Bottles for growing saplings in dryland nurseries (Willem Van Cotthem)

Proudly presenting my new video :

BOTTLES FOR SAPLINGS IN A DESERT NURSERY

Instead of the classical black nursery bags, one can recycle the often discarded plastic bottles to grow saplings in a nursery. This technique has a lot of advantages : keeping the environment cleaning (recycling plastic), simple and cheap, water saving, enhancing survival rate.

http://youtu.be/hMu1sDG-jyg

2007-11 - UNICEF staff members and an Algerian forester checking the results of a trial with plastic bottles for growing saplings in this nursery in the Sahara (Tindouf, S.W. Algeria) - (Photo WVC)

Success with bottle gardening in Tindouf nursery (UNICEF / WFP / UNHCR / Willem Van Cotthem)

From October 2005 till December 2007, UNICEF ALGERIA booked a lot of successes with its project “Family gardens in the Saharawis refugee camps” in the region of Tindouf (S.W. Algeria).  The main objective of this project was to offer to every refugee family a small kitchen garden in which fresh food can be produced, in order to provide continuously vitamins and mineral elements for the family members, in particular for the children.  The project was abruptly stopped by UNICEF after the terrorist attack on the UNO-building in Algiers in December 2007.

Within the framework of this UNICEF-project, the Tindouf Bureau for the Conservation of the Forests (Algerian Ministry of Forestry) offered UNICEF a large number of saplings to be planted in the refugee camps.  Foresters also advised the Saharawis engineers about tree planting and growing techniques.

As the scientific UNICEF-consultant for the garden project, I had the pleasure of setting up an interesting collaboration program with the Tindouf foresters.  We exchanged a lot of practical ideas and at several occasions I had the pleasure of offering them seeds of drought-tolerant tree species for their collection in the magnificent Tindouf nursery.

One of the practical ideas that got full attention of the foresters was the use of normally discarded plastic bottles for growing tree saplings in the nursery, instead of the classical black plastic nursery bags.

This “bottle gardening”-technique has a number of advantages :

  1. It is cheap, recycling otherwise littered bottles.
  2. It protects the environment from pollution.
  3. It is easier to handle the stiffer bottles than the softer bags (less rootlets are broken at planting time).
  4. It is easier and better to transport the saplings in their bottle to the plantation field (generally a lot of rootlets are broken during transport).
  5. When a sapling grown in a bottle has to be planted, it is easy to cut (with scissors) the bottom part of the bottle, partly freeing the roots, and partly keeping some roots undisturbed in the bottle to continue water uptake after planting, thus enhancing survival rate.
  6. Saplings are positioned in their plant pit with the major part of the bottle still around the root ball, only the lower part of the root ball is set free by cutting off the bottom part of the bottle.

With the foresters we decided to set up a large comparative trial : plastic bottles versus plastic nursery bags.  Therefore, staff members of UNICEF, WFP and UNHCR in Tindouf offered their cooperation by collecting plastic bottles during a couple of months.

The trial was set up in August 2007 in the Foresters’ nursery.  The following photos show the excellent results already registered in November 2007, one month before UNICEF stopped its project.

2007-11 - Tindouf nurser y : UNICEF, WFP and UNHCR staff members collected an impressive number of plastic bottles. Hamid BOUGUEDOUR (UNICEF), one of the foresters and Willem VAN COTTHEM with the pile of bottles remaining (Photo WVC)
2007-11 - Bottles are stocked everywhere in the nursery (Photo WVC)
2007-11 - Hundreds of plastic bottles filled with local potting mix. The first ones seeded are those in the background with Hamid FEKROUNE (UNICEF), one of the Tindouf foresters and Hamid BOUGUEDOUR (UNICEF) (Photo WVC)
2007-11 - Bottles at the foreground start showing germination. Those in the background, seeded earlier, contain young saplings (Photo WVC)
2007-11 - Nursery labourers confirmed that it is easier to fill the bottles wit potting mix than the softer plastic bags (Photo WVC)
2007-11 - Left: the classical black plastic nursery bags. Center and right: transparent soda bottles (Photo WVC)
2007-11 - A forester and Hamid BOUGUEDOUR (UNICEF) discussing the remarkable success of the bottle trial (Photo WVC)

“Fanta”-stic growth of spekboom in FANTA-bottle (Martine DAUBREMé)

Read at :

A message of Martine DAUBREME : www.planetfuture.org

I am growing a cutting of the spekboom (Portulacaria afra) in a FANTA-bottle, of which the top serves as a container for some potting soil, the bottom as a water tank.  Results are astonishing.

This simple technique should be applied at the largest scale in all the drought-affected regions : sapling production with minimal irrigation.

2011-05-11 : Bottom of 0,5 l Fanta orange juice bottle to be filled with water, using it as a water tank (Photo Martine DAUBREMé)
2011-05-11 : Top of 0,5 l Fanta orange juice bottle : Lid kept on, bottleneck twice perforated to enable water uptake from the water tank (Photo Martine DAUBREMé)
2011-05-11 : Middle part of 0,5 l Fanta orange juice bottle, holding potting soil and spekboom cutting (Photo Martine DAUBREMé)
2011-05-11 : One 0,5 l Fanta orange juice bottle to grow a sapling with a minimum of water (Photo Martine DAUBREMé)
2011-05-11 : Top of juice bottle with lid an perforated bottleneck positioned in the bottom used as water tank(Photo Martine DAUBREMé)
2011-05-11 : Top of juice bottle with spekboom cutting in potting soil (Photo Martine DAUBREMé)

Gobi Greenhouse Tree Project (Global Innovation Commons)

Read at :

http://www.globalinnovationcommons.org/blog/index.php/g-i-c-challenge-gobi-greenhouse-tree-project/

An open call for collaborators in any sector to help bring a solution to life.

G.I.C. CHALLENGE: MONGOLIA: Gobi Greenhouse Tree Project

Building an appropriate greenhouse that can weather the harsh climate and extend the growing season of Gobyn Undur in the South Gobi Desert.

THE DETAILS:
In the South Gobi desert, approximately 15 km from Dalanzadgad, M●CAM has partnered with Batbayar (“Baidaa”) and Jazei (“Jagaa”) and their company Gobyn Undur (English – Gobi Highest).

Gobyn Undur raises Gobi/Saksaul trees and currently has planted 10,000 trees outdoor. However, due to harsh environmental conditions, it is impossible to plant trees year round and the planting season is only during the summer months. Greenhouses could extend the growing season for tree seedlings. Trees in the Gobi will greatly reduce desertification, will manage erosion, and will provide food and water for local herd animals such as camels and horses.

The coordinates of the project are:
103°67’72 longitude (E)
44°16’26 latitude (N)

The Environmental Conditions:
The main external conditions that must be taken into consideration are temperature range and wind. Most days are sunny and the area experiences very little rainfall. However, temperature range year round can be as cold as -50 °C and as hot as 52 °C. Even during a 24 hour period, temperature can change as much as 35 °C/61 °F.

During spring and fall the wind speed can reach up to 140 km / h
Mean annual wind speed of 6.4-7.1 m/s

THE CHALLENGE:
This G.I.C. Challenge asks the community to collaborate to develop the technology needed to build an appropriate greenhouse that can weather the harsh climate and in turn, extend the growing season.

Proper covering, framing, and materials will need explicit documentation.
(continued)

No Green Wall without small-scale gardens for women (Willem Van Cotthem)

My attention was caught by some statements in Mrs. Priscilla ACHAKPA’s interview, referred to a former posting on my desertification blog:

Nigeria: WEP Wants Green Wall Sahara Programme (http://allafrica.com/stories/201002180504.html)

This Executive Director of the Women Environment Programme (WEP) urged the Nigerian Government to speed up the implementation of the Green Wall Sahara programme (GWSP), which she called “an integrated development strategy for combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought and climate change” (see also UNCCD).

Mrs. ACHAKPA observed that the impact of desertification raised security concerns, especially among the vulnerable groups.  She stated that “the impact of climate change is more on women in the rural areas as they have little or no understanding of the issues involved”.  Her NGO, the WEP, intends to conduct a study on gender awareness of climate change issues, because adequate information on climate change is necessary to evolve steps to control it.

Agreeing with some of Mrs. ACHAKPA’s ideas, I want to congratulate her for asking to speed up the implementation of the Green Wall programme.  Indeed, such a nice programme, being a real challenge for all the Sahelian countries involved, merits massive support to speed up its achievement.

On the other hand, I disagree with her that Nigerian and other Sahelian rural women will be better off with “adequate information on climate change necessary to evolve steps to control it“.  Even supposing that there would be a small chance to find adequate information on climate change for rural women, I am not so sure that this will help these vulnerable women to handle their security concerns raised by the impact of desertification.

Even if the Green Wall programme may play a little bit of an interesting role in some aspects of climate change, it will not be tremendously important for the rural families in the northern provinces of Nigeria and in the other countries concerned.  I rather believe that it would be more efficient to invest in awareness building of the local population about the need to combine small-scale agriculture (or gardening) with reforestation in the Green Wall programme (agroforestry).

No doubt, we are all aware of the fact that such an enormous reforestation plan, with billions of trees to be planted in the Sahel belt, can never be achieved without “an army” of labourers for growing seedlings, digging plant pits and planting the seedlings.  These labourers will have to be well fed.  Tons of food will have to be produced at the local level.  By whom ?  By the local women ?  In this case, we would prefer that long time before the activities of the GWSP start all women can get “adequate information on ways and means to cultivate sufficient food for hundreds (thousands ?) of labourers of the GWSP working in their region”.

We can’t imagine that these women would be more interested in climate change issues than in best practices of food production in their dry region.

If well trained in cultivating all necessary species of vegetables and fruits, (dryland farming), they can not only use these skills during the implementation of the GWSP, but also for the rest of their life and that of their children, grandchildren, …

Therefore, just allow me this little piece of advice : start today laying out a small-scale garden for every woman in the northern provinces of Nigeria where the GWSP will be applied, because if there is not sufficient food production in those provinces when the labourers have to start planting trees, there will not be a Green Wall at all. Never, because planting trees with an empty stomach is so extremely difficult.  We all know this, even those strongly interested in climate change.

Stone fruit in waggon wheel plantations and circular spirals in Mongolia or in other drylands (M. HOOGESTEGER / W. VAN COTTHEM)

On 09-09-2009 00:26, “Maarten Hoogesteger” wrote:

Willem,

Thank you, wonderful idea. …………………..

The fruit trees I am very familiar with are stone fruit (nectarines, peaches and plumbs). They are hardy, deciduous (loose their leaves in winter), grow in poor soils and produce very abundantly. However, they need a lot of care to get fruit that is enjoyable. The district where I live has large stone fruit orchards and I have personal friends who are highly successful orchardists in stone fruit. I know by experience that growing stone fruit is now an exact science. Variety selection is critical, disease control sometimes is so critical that a few hours can make the difference between a failed and a successful crop. Stone fruit also requires 365 day per year attention.

Of the 3 fruits, I would consider plumbs the best option. In a dry climate like Mongolia ( rainfall 250 mm > 0 mm per year) leaf and skin diseases will be minimised and with the gravelly soil root rot should also be reduced. Fertilisation will be very necessary because you only get out (the fruit) what you put in (the N, P, K) + water. Irrigation will be essential for stone fruit. In my district the trees are all watered by drip systems. This requires pumps, pipes, etc.

Do you think it would be a better method of reforestation, to first establish indigenous species in coppices (Google : “thickets or grove of small trees or shrubs, especially the ones maintained by periodic cutting or pruning to encourage suckering”) and, when these are established, to establish fruit trees in the center of the coppices where the “climate” will be softer (more soil moisture and less wind) ?

I am thinking of “wagon wheel plantations“. The circular shape deflects the wind from all directions and also creases a tail of reduced wind on the down-wind side, where native grasses have an opportunity to grow.

Vegetation growth in Circular Spirals

The Australian government organisation CSIRO has done extensive work on desertification and one of the cheapest methods of getting plants to grow in desert prone areas (in Australia) was to plough circular spirals. The idea was that the spiral brings the occasional rain that does fall to the centre of the spiral bringing increasing amounts of water and any seeds that are in that area to the place where increasing amounts of water are collected. Eventually there comes a point in the spiral where there is sufficient soil moisture for those seeds to sprout. So the plants at the centre of the spiral get the most moisture and grow the quickest, but over the years, as water continues to move towards the centre of the spiral, it is blocked by the growing vegetation at the centre.  Then it stops and begins to collect further out from the centre, thus providing new locations for new plant growth. The natural tendency of the circular plantation that grows is to deflect wind around the circle, sheltering the plants in the middle where the growth will be the most vigorous. The spiral ploughing also prevents wind erosion, because, unlike straight farrows, the wind does not scour the land. the spiral also traps seeds more easily.

In Australia, an area which is scoured by wind becomes so devoid of any top soil that seeds have no soil into which to catch and grow. We call it a “scald” (like a burn). The spiral plough breaks this scald up and gives opportunity for wind blown seeds to catch in the broken soil AND at the same time, the wind can not erode the circles.

Our intention in Mongolia is

  1. To set up a nursery to propagate thousands of indigenous trees and vegetables
  2. To test the spiral ploughing concept
  3. To set up village based clubs who want to own a plantation
  4. To supply plants and know-how to operate their own plantation.


A major issue is to show that Mongolia can make money doing this, so that they will consider it a commercial activity. Your idea of combining timber growing with fruit production is a very good idea because it increases the commerciality.

Maarten HOOGESTEGER

=============================

MY REPLY (Willem VAN COTTHEM)


Dear Maarten,

Thanks for this excellent ideas about stone fruit orchards and, especially, the ploughing of spirals to harvest water and stimulate the development of vegetation in dry areas.

I am still very much in favour of combining indigenous tree species for the production of timber wood with orchards of local fruit trees (not only stone fruits !).

Let us just dream about ploughing big spirals in the Mongolian field, with a furrow becoming slowly deeper and deeper towards the center (to enable rain water to run towards that center of the spiral).  Let us then plant timber wood trees and fruit trees IN THAT FURROW (where to can profit from the rain water running from time to time in the spiral). If any irrigation water is available, it would be easy to pump it at the top of the spiral in the furrow and it would facilitate the growth of all plants. We could also dream of a number of spirals radially around a well.

If the dimensions of the spiral(s) are big enough, I foresee also a possibility to install small kitchen gardens in between the spiral windings.

To me it sounds like music.  Do you hear that “PASTORALE” too ?  Even Beethoven would be happy.

Willem VAN COTTHEM

Good Nursery Practices (ICRAF / CGIAR / IISD)

Read at : “Kimwaki, Jacinta (ICRAF)” <j.kimwaki@cgiar.org>

http://www.worldagroforestry.org

Forest Policy Info Mailing List <forests-l@lists.iisd.ca>

Good Nursery Practices – New guide from the World Agroforestry Centre

A new guide on good nursery practices has been published by the World Agroforestry Centre. The full text of the guide along with those of other related ones is available at the links given below.

Other publications done by the centre are available at  http://www.worldagroforestry.org

1. Mbora, A.; Lillesø, J-P. B.; Jamnadas, R. 2008. Good nursery practices: a simple guide. Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre, 36p.

In this guide, all nursery practices are explained in simple way with elaborate illustrations to make it easy for farmers to understand and use effectively. The book also covers vegetative propagation and field planting-out which are not covered in other nursery management books. Farmers will thus increase seedlings
production and improve the quality of seedlings and the tree end products.

Click to access MN15937.PDF

2.Moir, K.; Vandenbosch, T.; Scull-Carvalho, S. 2007. Growing trees and gardens for life: practical tips for healthy tree nurseries and home gardens.Nairobi, Kenya: Jacaranda Designs Ltd, 88p.

Click to access B15299.PDF

3.Kindt, R.; Lillesø, J-P.B.; Mbora, A.; Muriuki, J.; Wambugu, C.; Frost, W.; Beniest, J.; Aithal, A.; Awimbo, J.; Rao, S.; Holding-Anyonge, C.  2006. Tree seeds for farmers: a toolkit and reference source.Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre, 254p http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/publications/PDFs/MN14476.PDF

4.Basweti C., Lengkeek A., P rytz P. and Jaenicke H.. 2001. Tree Nursery Trade in Urban and Peri-urban Areas: A survey in Nairobi and Kiambu Districts, Kenya. RELMA Working paper No 13. Regional Land Management Unit (RELMA) Sida: Nairobi, Kenya

Click to access WP13%20Tree%20nursery%20trade.pdf

5.Kevyn E. Wightman. 1999. Good Tree Nursery Practices: Practical Guidelines for Community Nurseries. Nairobi, Kenya: World
Agroforestry Centre, 95p.
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/units/Library/Books//Book%2017/html/INDEX.htm

6.Ruvuga S., Otsyina R, Bohringer A., Phalen A. 2002. Establishing and Managing your Own Tree Nursery. Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre, 24p.

Nigeria to kick off Green Wall Sahara project soon (Google / APA-Agence Presse Africaine)

Read at : Google Alert – desertification

http://www.apanews.net/apa.php?article83118

16-12-2008

Nigeria to kick off Green Wall Sahara project soon

APA – Lagos (Nigeria) Nigeria has signed a MoU with the Hagen and Co. Engineering of Germany to ensure a smooth take-off of the Green Wall Sahara (Nigeria) Programme, an integrated rural development strategy for combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought in 11 frontline states.

Nigeria’s Minister of State for Environment, Housing and Urban Development, Chief Chuka Odom, signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Hagen and Co. Engineering Group President Claus Dieter Hagen on Monday in Abuja. The northern Nigerian states are Adamawa, Jigawa, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto, Bauchi, Gombe, Kano, Maiduguri, Borno and Zamfara.

The project is expected to create a “Green Wall’’ of trees by planting 70 million trees across the states affected by desertification within the next five to six years.

Odom continued that with the signing of the agreement, Nigeria had reinforced her leadership position in Africa and offered a model to other African countries to emulate. He said that combating desertification and land-degradation in the arid states needed a “collective responsibility and partnership with all interest groups within and outside the country’’. The minister called for the immediate commencement of the project and urged the steering committee of the Green Wall Sahara (Nigeria) Programme to ensure its full implementation.

In his remarks, Claus Dieter Hagen said the company would cooperate with the Nigerian Government on effective management of environmental issues. Hagen added that it would also assist in pushing back desertification and ensuring sustainable agriculture and livelihood in the area by involving villagers in the production of nursery seedlings and production of agricultural and animal products.

GIK/ad/APA

Agroforestry project in Akkar (Lebanon)

In August 2008, it was mentioned on this blog that “the Lebanese Makhzoumi Foundation, the Greek NGOs INARE and KEDE and the former Belgian NGO TC-Dialogue Foundation have set up in 2001 an interesting agro-forestry project in Northern Lebanon with the financial support of the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A well-structured tree nursery was constructed in Akkar (N. Lebanon)”. The Makhzoumi Foundation continued its efforts to produce trees, shrubs, roses and other plant species in this main nursery, thus contributing to the reforestation, afforestation and the combat of desertification in Lebanon.  Many of the seedlings and young trees go to schools.  They are planted by young volunteers

Today, we have the pleasure to post some pictures of the ongoing activities in Akkar and in some parts of Lebanon.  These pictures are sent by my good friend Sallama NAMANI, agronomist, responsible for the functioning of the nursery and delivering excellent work for her beautiful country.

Mrs. May MAKHZOUMI and Mrs. Sallama NAMANI wrote : “Two tree-planting activities in Damour (April 8th) and Rechmaya (June 6th) took place in cooperation with two schools: Lebanese International School (LIS) and Zahiya Kaddoura Public School-Beirut respectively.  A total of 800 trees from the Akkar nursery were offered and “Thank you Letters” were received from both schools.”

2008-08 Oleander and other species in the Akkar nursery of the Makhzoumi Foundation
2008-08 Oleander and other species in the Akkar nursery of the Makhzoumi Foundation
2008-08 Roses in the magnificent nursery
2008-08 Roses in the magnificent nursery
2008-08 A splendour for landscaping in desertified areas
2008-08 A splendour for landscaping in desertified areas
2008-08 Makhzoumi Foundation offers young trees to different parts of Lebanon
2008-08 Makhzoumi Foundation offers young trees to different parts of Lebanon
2008-08 Many schools in Lebanon will be happy with this fantastic plants
2008-08 Many schools in Lebanon will be happy with these fantastic plants
2008-08 Young Lebanese volunteers contributing to the reforestation of their country
2008 Young Lebanese volunteers contributing to the reforestation of their country

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