How to address the root causes of food insecurity and child malnutrition ?

Photo credit: MSF (Ricardo Garcia Vilanova)

Mothers feed their children therapeutic food at MSF’s outpatient therapeutic feeding center in Bokoro, Chad, where MSF teams are responding to a fourth malnutrition crisis in five years.

Is the food crisis for children still unfolding ?

By Prof. Dr. Willem Van Cotthem

University of Ghent – Belgium

Drought and Desertification Consultant

In December 2011, I posted some comments on a publication entitled “UNICEF CHIEF URGES ACTION TO STOP UNFOLDING CRISIS FOR CHILDREN IN THE SAHEL” (

Today, I wonder if any changes in that situation have been registered.  Please read my former comments and today’s conclusions.

Which way would you go to stop an unfolding food crisis for children?

1997-12-02-General view 02 of a community garden in Niou (Burkina Faso) - (Photo WVC).
1997-12-02-General view 02 of a community garden in Niou (Burkina Faso) – (Photo WVC).

A food crisis can be stopped in different ways : with therapeutic food or with locally produced food. The former should certainly be used in cases of acute malnutrition, the latter needs to be more sustainable, e.g. by installing family gardens and school gardens. One can choose between expensive, curing emergency situations that don’t offer a sustainable solution and the much cheaper production of fresh food by the local people themselves.  What would you choose?

In the publication mentioned above, UNICEF’s Executive Director Anthony Lake “called today on the global community to take action to prevent one million children in the Sahel region of West and Central Africa from becoming severely malnourished.“  He said: “We must begin at once to fill the pipeline with life-sustaining supplies to the region before it is too late.” and “underscored the urgency to act before the ‘lean season’ when food runs out due to inadequate rain or poor harvests, which can start as early as March in some of the countries across the Sahelian belt.

I fully agree that UNICEF and its partners must be prepared to get sufficient amounts of ready-to-use therapeutic foods to treat severe acute malnutrition.  I also agree on “each child has the right to survive, to thrive and to contribute to their societies.

Indeed, “we must not fail them”!

However, the real question is if the best way of solving the problem of child malnutrition is getting sufficient therapeutic foods to intervene when the need increases.  Or, could it be that a well-prepared programme of vegetable and fruit production by the Sahelian families themselves is a better cure?

2007 - One of the family gardens in a refugee camp in S. W. Algeria (Photo WVC)
2007 – One of the family gardens in a refugee camp in S. W. Algeria (Photo WVC)

One may doubt about the feasibility of such a programme, but knowing that UNICEF itself was very successful with its own “Family gardens project for the Sahrawis families in the Sahara desert of Algeria“ (2005-2007), there can’t be any doubt anymore.  If family gardens, school gardens and hospital gardens can be productive in the Algerian desert, they can certainly be in the Sahel, where a better rainfall offers more chances to use the minimum of water needed (see the well-known best practices).

It should not be extremely difficult to accept that it is better to produce fresh food and fruits for the children in the threatened countries of the Sahel (like everywhere on this world!) than to have to spend billions of dollars at purchasing therapeutic foods for malnourished children.

Yes, “we must not fail them“, and we will surely not fail them by offering them chances to take care of their own kitchen gardens and school gardens.

1998-02-A school garden in Niamey (Niger) - (Photo WVC).
1998-02-A school garden in Niamey (Niger) – (Photo WVC).

In the drylands, there are already lots of successful small gardens.  One has the necessary knowledge and technical skills to duplicate these “best practices” wherever we want, even in the desert (see Algeria).  Who would still hesitate to take initiatives to gradually “submerge” the Sahel with small family gardens, school gardens and hospital gardens?  And let us not forget the successes booked at the global level with container and vertical gardening.

If there is “a pipeline to be filled”, it should not be filled with food, but with the necessary materials to create small kitchen gardens galore.

Shall we continue to appeal on “solidarity” for raising billions of dollars for responding time after time to the successive periods of food crisis in the drylands?  Or shall we, once and for all, spend a minor part of that money on enabling sustainable food production by the local people themselves?

Do we still have to confirm that we admire the nice work of UNICEF for children in real need? But, you Madame, you Sir, which way would you go?


Since the year 2011, a series of initiatives has been taken to alleviate hunger and malnutrition in the Sahel.  However, the food and nutrition situation is not significantly improved.

In March 2012, the World Food Programme published the article “The Malnutrition Threat in the Sahel(,

in which we read: “Recurrent food crises over the past decade have coincided with periods of widespread malnutrition among children. It’s a region where, even in non-emergency years, diets are undiversified and children often don’t receive necessary nutrients.”

In July 2012, we read an article of the Doctors without Borders (MSF): “Malnutrition in the Sahel: One million children treated, but what’s next ?(, in which MSF nutrition experts Susan Shepherd and Stéphane Doyon discussed the need for long-term solutions to malnutrition in Africa’s Sahel region.

We notice that:

  1. One million severely malnourished children will be treated this year (2012)  in the countries of the Sahel, according to UNICEF. Every year, the region faces a hunger gap between June and October, depending on the country, a time period between the depletion of the previous year’s food stocks and the next harvest. Malnutrition rates always hover near warning level in this mostly desert region, but during the hunger gap, the number of cases spikes and hundreds of thousands of children become at risk of death. “
  • “One million children suffering from severe malnutrition will be treated this year by governments and aid organizations across the Sahel. How should we interpret this number? *Susan Shepherd: It’s both a failure and a success. The failure is that each year, countries within the Sahel will face recurrent, large-scale nutritional crises that are growing even worse in some countries. One million malnourished children—that’s an enormous figure. But the most important take away from this year is how all of the aid actors—governments, United Nations agencies, and NGOs—have managed the crisis. Because of this, the major success is that for the first time, one million malnourished children will be treated in the Sahel, and the vast majority of these one million children will recover.”
  • How can we break the cycle? * Stéphane Doyon: Today, the management of this nutritional crisis is done in emergency mode. When we speak of an emergency, we are mostly referring to humanitarian interventions. This is where we run into one of the major challenges to enacting true change: for governments, these models of humanitarian action are difficult to repeat and to sustain over the long term. Therefore, we have to break out of this emergency response model and start developing a longer-term approach. Another challenge lies in understanding what exactly malnutrition is: a medical problem, related to a lack of food that satisfies the particular needs of children. Countries which have successfully addressed the problem of childhood malnutrition include nutrition in health systems. Long-term solutions should therefore include medical responses; development, agriculture and treatment of malnutrition are all complementary.

Today, one can rightly ask: Where are those long-term solutions including development, agriculture and treatment of malnutrition ?  Is agriculture, including kitchen gardens and school gardens, really seen as a complementary component in the combat of malnutrition?

In May 2015, we read the Echo Factsheet “Sahel: Food and Nutrition Crisis” of the European Commission (Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection) – (

Key messages  

The Sahel continues to face a food and nutrition crisis which is compounded by the erosion of people’s resilience due to the quick succession of the crises, the absence of social services on and the ramifications of conflicts in the region.  

As one of the largest contributors of humanitarian aid to the Sahel, the European Commission has assisted 1.7 million extremely food insecure people and 580 000 severely malnourished children in 2014.  

The food and nutrition prospects for 2015 have not significantly improved. The past year has seen average harvests and food prices remain high. ……………….

Emergency needs in the Sahel will persist unless the root causes of food insecurity and malnutrition are addressed and the resilience of the poorest people is strengthened. ……………..”

It becomes clear that food aid and nutritional programmes are necessary to tackle the emergent needs, but do not address the root causes.

If “in a region where, even in non-emergency years, diets are undiversified and children often don’t receive necessary nutrients” (WFP), we are tempted to think that creation of family gardens and school gardens will be a strong tool to address these root causes of food insecurity and child malnutrition.  If families and schools, and why not the hospitals, grow their own fresh food, using existing, successful techniques to limit irrigation water consumption, the malnourished people would get their daily ration of diversified healthy food, full of minerals and vitamins.

Let us imagine for a moment that the decision-makers can convince all the key players in the prevention and treatment of malnutrition to reach hands to enact a true change by combining the traditional programmes of offering nutritious rations to supplement the normal diet with a programme of offering ways and means to install a kitchen garden for every family, for every school, for every hospital.

Wouldn’t that be a long-term solution that tackles the root causes, a “break out of this emergency response model and start developing a longer-term approach.”?  

We believe it is !

It’s all about people, not about money and power

Photo credit: WVC

Local training in gardening techniques in the Sahara desert (refugee cam:p in S.W. Algeria) – Engineer Taleb Brahim teaching a woman and her children.


Tomorrow 193 world leaders will come together to commit to 17 Sustainable Development Goals that could end extreme poverty and hunger by 2030.

The stakes couldn’t be higher. Three-quarters of the world’s poor people live in rural areas, and many don’t have enough food to eat. Nearly 800 million people go to bed hungry every night.

Make women and children your partners in progress - Photo Monique van Endert - 1997-12 Folder TCD (Photo MvE)
Make women and children your partners in progress – Photo Monique van Endert – 1997-12 Folder TCD (Photo MvE) – Training of women: Application of the soil conditioner TerraCottem in a community garden in Niou (Burkina Faso)

We want the world to know that rural people, when given the right tools and opportunities to thrive as smallholder farmers, are critical to ending poverty, feeding the world and protecting the planet.

Help us reach 500,000 people, on one day, with one message by signing up today to this Thunderclap.

Help us spread this message

For the last two weeks, we have been spreading the message online that investing in rural people is key to achieving the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Tomorrow is the final day of the campaign, and we are almost halfway to our goal!

Help us spread the word today by simply clicking the red Facebook and Twitter buttons on the page in the link.

Your support makes a huge difference to our goal of reaching  thousands of people.  

On Friday, September 25th, we will flood the social channels with this powerful message:

Achieving the sustainable development goals means investing in rural people and building a better world for us all.


Click the link ( and support via Twitter, Facebook, Tumblr. Also, spread the word to your friends and followers to do the same.

At 3 pm CEST this Friday, we’ll speak with one voice.

Develop school and household gardens


Schools to provide free, nutritious veggies for children

by Elsa S. Subong

ILOILO CITY, July 14(PIA)—The Gulayan sa Paaralan Project (GPP) does not only seek to intensify vegetable production in schools but to provide nutritious meals for children.

The Department of Agriculture, proponent of GPP in partnership with the Department of Education, is banking on the project to make available for free, safe and nutritious vegetables and crops for the school canteens.

DA-6 Technical Director for Operations Manuel Olanday said during the awarding ceremonies for GPP winners, that principals and the local government GPP focal persons, should develop school and household gardens to have vegetables right at their yards.

He said that trainings, along with start-up seeds, organic fertilizers and tools have been
provided by the DA for the participating schools in the project.

Fely neturada, GPP Regional coordinator said that the project has raised the level of public consciousness of the health, nutritional, as well as economic benefits of having school and community vegetable gardens.

Read the full article: PIA – GOVPH

A weather station or a school garden ?

Photo Credit: Hélène Clybouw

2011_1210december3Gambia20110335_2 copy.JPG

School garden in Sambel Kunda (The Gambia)

What would you choose ?

by Prof. Dr. Willem Van Cotthem (University of Ghent, Belgium)

Suppose some donors want to help the schools of your country by offering them a present to contribute to the development of the pupils or students.

Suppose you are responsible for the choice between :

(1) a hardware kit for your students to build and operate their own weather station

(2) a school garden.

Now then, take into account

(1) that the kits teach students a lot of things about weather data

(2) that the school garden  provides fresh food and fruits for the students.

(3) that the sustainability of the global project is an determinative factor, seen the importance of the investment for all the schools.

And now the decision is yours.


Let’s go for school gardens, particularly in developing countries

Photo credit: KCET

Seeds of Change: The Value of School Gardens in Education and Community Health

By Christine Tran


Gardening at school and at home can provide young people with learning opportunities, lasting skills, and positive, memorable experiences. But perhaps most importantly, gardening can help foster healthy lifestyles and encourage healthy eating with more nutritious foods — something that communities like South El Monte and El Monte urgently need.
Alleviating Suburban Poverty with School and Community Gardens

Across the 12.4 square miles that collectively make up the El Monte and South El Monte area is a population of 133,591. In this culturally vibrant space, where you can easily get a delicious bowl of phở or pozole, lay suburban poverty and what some would call a food desert.

Healthy food access can be difficult and complex for low-income communities, which can result in poor health outcomes. These issues are directly tied to poverty which, interestingly, is most present not in urban cities, as one might assume, but increasingly in the suburbs. According to the authors of “Confronting Suburban Poverty in America,” more people live below the poverty line in suburbs than in the country’s big cities. And according to the U.S. Census, one in four people in El Monte and one in five people in South El Monte live in poverty.

Moreover, according to the Los Angeles Department of Health, one of three children and one of three adults in the El Monte and South El Monte area are obese. Obesity is tied into the choices we have and the choices we make about food. Yet what happens when we don’t or seemingly don’t have choices?

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, food deserts are “urban neighborhoods and rural towns without ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food.” For many, it’s difficult to think of communities like El Monte and South El Monte as food deserts because there are a few grocery stores, not to mention countless liquor stores that sell snacks and limited food items. However, just because Superior Grocer and Shun Fat Supermarket are in the community does not mean that there is a high consumption of fresh and healthy foods. In many stores, there are more chip varieties than apples. Many dietitians and medical doctors believe that access to unhealthy food can be equally bad as poor access to fresh and healthy foods. Yet, they also tell us that it’s not about depriving ourselves of what we love, but rather moderation. In a community where chamango and boba are cross-cultural staples, it is important to celebrate our food while embracing new ways to learn about healthy food as a community. The authors of “Confronting Suburban Poverty in America” express the importance of communities in leading the way for collaborations and solutions by tapping into their collective strengths and objectives.

Read the full article: KCET


The important role of school gardens

Photo credit : Hélène CLYBOUW

School garden in The Gambia

The Root of It All: Starting a school garden


I’m working with a local elementary school that wants to start a garden for the kids. They have put together a list of supplies, but don’t really have a firm plan. Can you give some guidance on what steps they should take? — Al, Racine.

School gardens can be immensely powerful in helping teach youth about our environment, growing food, protecting pollinators, and about many other science, math and health topics. Gardens affect overall well-being, providing measureable improvements in mental, emotional and physical health. We know from countless research projects over many years in locations all over the world that gardening, and being in the garden, are healthful and potentially healing.

Photo credit: Hélène CLYBOUW - School garden in The Gambia (Sambel Kunda)
Photo credit: Hélène CLYBOUW – School garden in The Gambia (Sambel Kunda)

But gardens take planning and maintenance. And well-being is not accomplished through frustration of having a garden with no plan and no help. One of the first things I caution people about is to plan the garden and its uses very carefully, and think about long-term care. Don’t start too large; it is much better to have a successful container garden than a half-acre of overgrown weeds. Many schools do a tremendous amount of learning using container gardens; it is a great way to begin. Think big with your long-term vision of learning; start small with the physical garden itself.

Read the full article: The Journal Times


101 stories of hope, innovation, and success, in creating a better food system.

Photo credit:

Food production in a small backyard: Jojo Rom’s riser in Davao City, The Philippines

101 Facts That Make Us Hopeful About the Future of Food

This week, Food Tank is highlighting stories of hope, innovation, and success, in creating a better food system. From women’s land access in Chad and urban green spaces in Australia to chefs in the United Kingdom and the United States implementing local, sustainable food sourcing—there are hundreds of innovations giving us hope about the future of food.

Food Tank is featuring 101 bright spots in the food system that we hope will inspire eaters, businesses, researchers, scientists, funders, donors and policy makers to create—and support—a more sustainable food system.

Read the full article: FoodTank



Photo credit: WVC 107059 (2011-08) -Bottle towers

Here are some of your trump cards

To whom it may concern

by Willem Van Cotthem (University of Ghent, Belgium)


  1. If we offer a bottle tower (<;) to every schoolchild of this world to grow some vegetables at home, they will enjoy building more towers for their family.


Photo credit: WVC 107057 (2011-08) - Bottle towers with vegetables and herbs
Photo credit: WVC 107057 (2011-08) – Bottle towers with vegetables and herbs

2. If we ban child malnutrition in our countries by teaching the school children container gardening at school, recycling all discarded containers in school gardens (<;), there will be sufficient food for decent daily meals and a cleaner environment.


Photo credit: Hélène Clybouw - Schoolgarden in Sambel Kunda (The Gambia 20110156)
Photo credit: Hélène Clybouw – Schoolgarden in Sambel Kunda (The Gambia 20110156)

And soon there will be fresh food galore everywhere.


  1. If we convince all young mothers to plant only one fruit tree for every newborn baby and if we plant a fruit tree for every dear family member passing away, we will soon have orchards protecting us against global warming and climate change.
Photo Hélène Clybouw - Papaya in Sambel Kunda (The Gambia 2011-12)
Photo Hélène Clybouw – Papaya in Sambel Kunda (The Gambia 2011-12)


  1. If we pass this message to the world leaders and publish all our photos to show them our green container gardens, it will be a giant convincing step towards a global food revolution.
And soon there will be less hunger because container gardening means solving these major problems at the lowest cost.

The Green Schools Programme in Pakistan

Photo credit : Kitchen Gardeners International

Learning Garden at Haq Foundation School

Profile – Learning to Improve the Environment

The Green Schools Programme takes advantage of insights from current thinking, about environment and ecology, to bring them to bear on school education. The programme is designed to combine conventional methodologies with Open Source set-up in Karachi, it links up with a future articulated by the remaking of knowledge through innovation and technology.

Connecting local phenomena, like the floods in Pakistan in 2011 and 2012 and food emergency in 2014, to changes in global climate, help us to focus our commitment to Earth’s health entails that we manage our own natural resources, food, and urban and industrial waste, with minimum destructive impact.

Read the full article: Kitchen Gardeners International

Why not investing in school gardens all over the world ?

Photo credit: Hélène CLYBOUW — 2011_1220december2Gambia20110194 copy.JPG — Building a school garden in Sambelkunda (The Gambia)
Photo credit: Hélène CLYBOUW — 2011_1220december2Gambia20110194 copy.JPG — Building a school garden in Sambelkunda (The Gambia)

Food-based social protection programmes and school gardens

by Prof. Dr. Willem VAN COTTHEM — University of Ghent (Belgium)


However, speaking about food-based social protection programmes, I keep wondering why so little attention is paid to the role school gardens can play in the combat of hunger and child malnutrition. Taking into account successes booked with small kitchen gardens, even in the driest places on earth, the layout of school gardens could become one of the strongest tools. Indeed, fresh food produced at school by the children themselves would not only contribute to their health and physical condition, but also be one of the best educational strategies.

One can easily understand that school meals, food-for-education and food-for-work are foundations for beating hunger and malnutrition. If school meals, offered through a social protection programme, contribute to beat hunger and malnutrition of school children, why don’t we envisage to offer the children a chance to produce some of that food themselves, in ‘their own garden’?

Read the full article (marked with highlights): Medium

From child malnutrition to family gardens

Training of local teachers and engineers for building a school garden in the Sahara desert in Dahla (S.W. Algeria) – Photo credit WVC 2007-04

Child malnutrition, nutritional programmes, stop-gap measures and container gardening in family gardens

by Prof. Dr. Willem Van Cotthem – University of Ghent (Belgium)


Strongly concerned about the problem of child malnutrition in developing countries, in particular in the drylands, I read with great attention IRIN’s article on ‘GUINEA: Child malnutrition – moving beyond stop-gaps’ <>

To make things clear, I republish here the definition of Malnutrition terms used in the text:

Wasting is the main characteristic of acute malnutrition. It occurs as a result of recent rapid weight loss, malnutrition or a failure to gain weight within a relatively short period of time. Wasting occurs more commonly in infants and younger children. Recovery from wasting is relatively quick once optimal feeding, health and care are restored. Wasting occurs as a result of deficiencies in both macronutrients (fat, carbohydrate and protein) and some micronutrients (vitamins and minerals).

Chronic malnutrition, on the other hand, is commonly referred to as “stunting”, i.e. a failure to grow in stature, which occurs as a result of inadequate nutrition over a longer time period. It is a slow, cumulative process, the effects of which are not usually apparent until the age of two years. Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is the most dangerous form of malnutrition. If left untreated, SAM can result in death.

Source: Action contre la faim

In this article on child malnutrition IRIN said that nutrition experts in Guinea are studying options for treating moderately malnourished children as funding shortages disrupt normal programmes using fortified flour. Local health centres ran out of supplies and had to use corn-soya blend (CSB), which is normally only used in cases of moderate acute malnutrition and provided through the UN World Food Programme (WFP).

It is said that WFP seeks funds to maintain CSB stocks in Guinea, although humanitarian workers and nutrition experts underline the need to find alternative and long-term solutions and a more sustainable strategy.

IRIN also confirmed that local nutrition workers are debating the viability of using ‘Plumpy’nut’ or using local foods, prepared specially for children’s nutritional needs.

Sheryl Martin of Helen Keller International in Guinea told IRIN: “Stop-gap measures may be better than nothing but a plan is needed to assure adequate funding for the CSB …………………” “We are all frustrated by the lack of funding and are doing the best we can in the short term.

According to IRIN, Kasraï, Head of Action contre la Faim (ACF, Action against Hunger) stated that it is important to use an integrated approach – not only therapeutic feeding but also programmes to address the principal causes of undernutrition in Guinea, by boosting people’s livelihoods, ensuring proper breastfeeding and weaning practices and improving home hygiene and access to health services, sanitation and safe water. “The challenge is in finding a reliable way of ensuring that moderately malnourished children receive fortified [with vitamins and other micronutrients] and high-caloric diets in the home.

Mamady Daffé, Health Ministry head of nutrition, underscored that the combination of poverty and a lack of knowledge of children’s nutritional needs contributes to child malnutrition. He said even if families understand children’s nutritional needs, many do not have the means to meet them. “People’s living conditions must improve. Without this we will not be able to tackle malnutrition,” he told IRIN. “The cost of living is up; people cannot buy what they need to eat properly.”

As you can see, there are a lot of interesting ideas and views in this article.  Trying to summarize the points made by different people and groups, I came to the following personal conclusions:

Together with the nutritional experts, the humanitarian workers and the ACF (see above) I believe that child malnutrition in developing countries (not only in Guinea) can only be reduced or extenuated if alternative and long-term solutions can be combined in a integrated approach to develop a sustainable strategy.  The funding of stocks of CSB is only a small part of this approach.

  • Boosting livelihoods of every family living in poverty and threatened by hunger and malnutrition should be based upon the following major fields of activity:
  • (a)   Improvement of home hygiene and health services.
  • (b)   Production of local fresh food, applying container gardening in a family garden for every affected family.
  • (c)    Alleviation of poverty.

The best practices for improving home hygiene and health services are well known.  Funding of these practices is a conditio sine qua non.

Sustainable production of fresh food in a small family garden or a school garden can be achieved with a minimum of financial resources.  One can always start with small-scale pilot projects to show the efficiency of this method and then apply it gradually at a larger scale until chronic hunger situations in the country are completely extenuated.

It should not be too difficult to find donors interested in partnerships for the build-up of such a strategy.  The growing interest in container gardening, recently shown by global attention for “sacks gardening”, indicates time has come to accept that locally producing fresh food, full of macronutrients, vitamins and micronutrients, is far more preferable for meeting the children’s needs than continuing delivery of fortified flour, corn-soya blend (CSB), Plumpy’nut or any other sophisticated therapeutic foods, used to treat malnutrition.

If one wants to eradicate hunger, malnutrition and poverty, using an integrated approach, therapeutic feeding should surely be maintained as a safety belt for acute malnutrition situations, but more importance should be given to addressing the basic causes of hunger and poverty.

That’s where family gardening and school gardening, with container gardening in all its inexpensive but very efficient forms, are coming into the picture.  Give every family, every school a chance to produce in its own small garden vegetables and fruits, and there be no deficiencies of macro- and micronutrients anymore.  Mothers having at least one decent meal every day will be happier with improved breastfeeding. Vitamin deficiencies will not weaken their babies anymore.

Let us foresee for a moment that people and school children will take good care of their own kitchen garden and produce a bit more vegetables or fruits than what they need.  That surplus can be taken to the market and offer opportunities for a growth of the annual income.

Alleviation of poverty can thus be incorporated in a sustainable strategy.  No more expensive nutritional programmes, no more need for stop-gap measures, no more child malnutrition?  It sounds unbelievable, but small-scale pilot projects have shown that it can be achieved in the future.

Why not giving it a chance?  Seeing is believing.

School gardens : to target schools in areas of lower socio-economic status (City Farmer News / ABC)

Read at :

Australian Greens party announce $46.5 million plan for kitchen gardens in 800 schools around the country over four years

Linked by Michael Levenston

“It is time to expand the number of schools that can have a kitchen garden because the current demand is not being met.”

By Alex Blucher
ABC Rural
Aug 30, 2013


From July next year, the plan would fund 200 schools a year with $50,000 each.

The plan also includes putting food and fibre into the national curriculum and grants for adult nutrition education programs.


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