Water conservation, harvesting and utilization (dgAlert / Environment and People)

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dg Water Resources Management

http://topics.developmentgateway.org/water/rc/ItemDetail.do~1109083?intcmp=700
Environment

Environment and People

http://www.environmentandpeople.org/WaterUtilization.html

Water Utilization

Water conservation (dgAlert / Environment and People)

Read at :

dg Water Resources Management

http://topics.developmentgateway.org/water/rc/ItemDetail.do~1109083?intcmp=700

Environment and People

http://www.environmentandpeople.org/WaterConservation.html

Water conservation

Our ancient religious texts and epics give a good insight into the water storage and conservation systems that prevailed in those days.  Over the years rising populations, growing industrialization, and expanding agriculture have pushed up the demand for water. Efforts have been made to collect water by building dams and reservoirs and digging wells; some countries have also tried to recycle and desalinate (remove salts) water. Water conservation has become the need of the day. The idea of ground water recharging by harvesting rainwater is gaining importance in many cities. Continue reading “Water conservation (dgAlert / Environment and People)”

Combating desertification in Burkina Faso (Google Alert / allAfrica / Africa Renewal)

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Google Alert for desertification

allAfrica – Africa Renewal (UN)

http://allafrica.com/stories/200707231861.html

Burkina Faso: Coping With Less Rain

Planting trees along a stone line to prevent soil erosion from heavy downpours of rain.

The heat wave that started in March has not yet, two months later, given way to the first rainfall of the new farming season, except in a few isolated parts of Burkina Faso.  Abel Raogo, a 60-year-old farmer in the village of Ipelcé, some 50 kilometres from the capital, has already finished sowing his fields. Now he waits for the rain. “The good, generous years – when farming could begin in April thanks to early, plentiful and lasting rains – are long behind us,” he remarks, sitting in his field in the shade of a shea tree. “Forty years ago, we weren’t tormented by constant anxiety and uncertainty, worried about poor harvests, like we are today.” Hamadou Tamboura farms and raises livestock near Sapouy, in a neighbouring province. He moved there five years ago from the arid Sahel region in Burkina’s north. “I decided to move to Sapouy to escape the hard conditions of the Sahel’s hostile environment and seriously degraded land,” he explained to Africa Renewal. But now his land in Sapouy has become exhausted and no longer produces enough. Raogo and Tamboura toil in different areas. Each faces his own particular situation. But they are both aware that the conditions they confront are no longer what they once were. The two farmers have seen the reality of the changing weather, although they are not sure of the reasons. They do not ask for explanations of “climate change.” That concept features mainly in national and international intellectual debates. They do understand the immediate dangers represented by degrading soils, drying rivers and other changes in their environment – and they want urgent, concrete solutions to those problems. Drawing water in rural Burkina Faso: The government is helping villagers dig wells and build small water reservoirs to better utilize the country’s scarce water resources. Continue reading “Combating desertification in Burkina Faso (Google Alert / allAfrica / Africa Renewal)”

Water harvesting for agriculture in India (id21)

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id21 (see my Blogroll)

http://www.id21.org/nr/n6am1g1.html

Catching rain for agriculture in India

The Indian state of Gujarat has faced many water problems in the past three decades. But rather than rely on government help, individual farmers and community groups have found their own solutions by capturing rainwater for agricultural use. Does this undermine government water policy? Research published by the Sustainable Development Network, a global coalition of non-governmental organisations, examines the efforts of rain harvesters in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Water scarcity and droughts are common problems for these people, who treat water as a precious resource. The Gujarat state government responded to water scarcity by constructing dams on the region’s rivers. The initial purpose was to provide water for agriculture through irrigation canals. But reservoir water was increasingly allocated to the growing urban population, leaving farmers with less water. Continue reading “Water harvesting for agriculture in India (id21)”

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